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Characteristics of Mozu-Furuichi Kofungun

Mozu-Furuichi Kofungun-the group of giant ancient mounded tombs

百舌鳥・古市古墳群▲ Nintoku-tenno-ryo Kofun Kofun are found all over the Japanese archipelago, but many of them are concentrated in specific areas. These concentrations are known as "kofungun" (mounded tombs). Of these, many large groups featuring concentrations of massive keyhole-shaped kofun are found in Osaka and Nara. Mozu-Furuichi Kofungun is the most representative of these. Mozu-Furuichi Kofungun contains a rich variety of kofun in both shape and scale, with a core of colossal keyhole-shaped tombs accompanied by smaller round and square tombs. In particular, the following three features found in this mounded tomb group clearly represent the state of kofun building at its zenith:
(1) the massive scale of the mounds,
(2) the use of multiple moats, and
(3) the presence of numerous satellite tombs.

The location of the tomb group is very unique. Tombs in the "Mozu area" are arranged on a terrace overlooking Osaka Bay, while those in the "Furuichi area" lie on hills and plateaus. In both cases, this would suggest that the locations were chosen to highlight the monumental appearance of the mounds. The burial goods are also distinctive.The first to be mentioned is that the tombs contain large quantities of iron objects. In particular, there are numerous examples of tombs with large quantities of body armor and helmets, arrowheads, swords, hoe and spade tips, and other similar objects buried in them. Iron was a precious resource at the time, and the fact that iron objects produced with the latest technology were buried in such quantities indicates the power once held by the people buried in the tomb group. Besides these, gilt bronze objects like horse trappings and sash buckles have also been unearthed.